Naughty Dog

Founded by Andy Gavin and Jason Rubin in 1984, Naughty Dog is an American video-game development company, mainly known for its popularity in the games, such as Crash Bandicoot, PlayStation, Jak and Daxter, PlayStation 2 and Uncharted, PlayStation 3 and The Last of Us. Established in Santa Monica, California, Sony Computer Entertainment acquired the corporation in 2001.

Gavin and Rubin also created a variety of featured titles, including the Sega Genesis Console Rings of Power and the 3DO Warrior Show. The games above were produced on a small budget. Still, thanks to an offer from Universal Interactive Studios (now Vivendi), a three-year deal was agreed to fund the company’s development. Mark Cerny, the man who developed Sonic Hedgehog 2 for Sega, convinced the organization to spend efforts on developing a community focused on the game character of Sonic Hedgehog 2 to leverage the 3D ability of the new consoles completely.

Ultimately, the Crash Bandicoot game for the PlayStation was released on August 31, 1996. Naughty Dog published three sequences to Crash Bandicoot in the following years. In January 2001, Sony revealed that Naughty Dog had been acquired.

With the fourth Crash Bandicoot (Crash Team Racing) release, the team started working on PlayStation 2’s Jak & Daxter story. The Jak & Daxter franchise was developed based on Andy Gavin’s (Game Oriented Assembly Lisp) programming language.

Naughty Dog Chairman and co-founder Jason Rubin quit the organization in 2004 for a new endeavour named Iron and Maiden. Furthermore, the ICE Team, which is part of Sony’s corporate marketing group, is based on Naughty Dog Headquarters.